The objectives of the "Forests, forest glades and their valleys at the Steigerwald edge near Iphofen" project.

The overall objective of the planned LIFE+ nature project is the protection of the margins of the Steigerwald in the vicinity of Iphofen as a major component in the European Natura 2000 Nature protection system. Its particular purpose is to act as a centre of biodiversity and a butterfly and moth habitat of European stature. The area is also to be developed and optimised as a centre for the management and exploitation of coppiced woodland in Germany and Central Europe. As well as enhancing and supporting the relevant protected areas, the intention is also to create the awareness and motivation among the general public and the land users that specific types of use are needed for the preservation and development of the relevant habitats and species.

The following project objectives are derived from the above:

  • The preservation, optimisation and extension of the eleven habitat types of Annexe I of the FFH Directive with their characteristic species populations, particularly the largest oak and hornbeam forests in Germany with their current exploitation as coppiced woodland (LRT9170), the priority tufa springs (LRT7220*) or the biodiverse lowland hay meadows (LRT6510).
  • The protection, development and enlargement of the (sub)habitats of 13 species named in Annexe II of the FFH Directive, e.g. the Jersey Tiger (Euplagia quadripunctaria), the hard shelled river mussel (Unio crassus), the yellow bellied toad (Bombina variegata) and the stag beetle (Lucanus cervus).
  • The preservation, optimisations and extension of eleven species of breeding birds and ten species of migratory birds as set out in Annex I and Article 4(2) of the Birds Directive in forests and semi-open to man-made landscapes, particularly for collared flycatchers (Ficedula albicollis), middle-spotted woodpeckers (Picoides medius), tree pipitis (Anthus trivialis), honey buzzards (Pernis apivorus) and ortolans (Emberiza hortulana),
  • The creation of the conditions for the long-term and sustainable protection of the relevant habitats and species on the margings of the Steigerwald by a major increase in the acceptance of measures necessary for the conservation of Nature and the types of forestry and agricultural uses needed for this.